As you would expect, there are many different kinds of CBD products available, designed with different people and situations in mind. As a healthy and versatile substance, CBD oil can be used to bring about a range of benefits.
If you’re wondering about the benefits or limitations of certain products, or if you’d like to know more about how to use CBD oil, capsules, tinctures, and topicals.
For those looking for the purest and strongest CBD product available, CBD oil is the answer. This particular form is more concentrated and will contain the highest quantity of CBD in comparison to the other types of products below.
When considering how to use CBD oil, you should be aware that it typically has no added flavors or sweeteners. As such, many who find the natural flavor difficult to swallow will often mix it with other foods, such as ice cream, in order to make it more palatable.
CBD oil is completely safe and designed to be taken orally or through a vaporizer.
As an option for consuming CBD on the go, look no further than the capsules.
CBD capsules are tasteless and odorless and are easy to track when it comes to consumption. However, you will be limited to the serving size of the capsule, which makes it difficult to find the precise serving that works for you and your situation.
One of the most versatile forms of CBD, tinctures are particularly well suited to first-time users of the product. This is due to the fact that serving size can be precisely controlled thanks to the dropper included in the packaging while tinctures typically come in a variety of flavors, including vanilla, peppermint, and cinnamon.
The tinctures are taken by adding a few drops under your tongue, which allows the CBD to act quicker than most other forms of CBD products. You can also mix the tincture with drinks if you prefer.
Creams, lotions, and balms are super handy and more practical than other forms of CBD products. This is because you can target particular problem areas on your body, such as a sore knee or lower back, and enjoy the benefits of CBD directly as it is absorbed through the skin.
The downside to this approach, however, is that the topicals are typically slower to work than most other CBD products.
There are things in our brains called G protein-coupled receptors, and they interact with the chemical properties of things we consume. If you smoke or otherwise ingest cannabis, the THC will attach itself to one of these receptors (the CB1 receptor, to be precise) and elicit those feelings of euphoria and elation associated with weed.
On the other hand, CBD finds another receptor with which to bind: the CB2 receptor. Instead of amplifying those feelings normally felt when consuming THC, CBD actually acts as an antagonist, turning them down or off. This serves to ensure CBD is not habit forming.
CBD also binds to a different receptor, the 5-HT1A receptor, as an agonist. This means it promotes a reaction, namely one that has the potential to reduce inflammation and other desirable effects. -I. Gorman, HHO
2900 BC – The Chinese emperor Fu His made a reference to “Ma,” the Chinese word for marijuana, mentioning its healing properties and correct yin-to-yang ratio.
2700 BC – The father of Chinese medicine, Chen Nung (or Shen Nung), is said to have discovered the healing properties of marijuana as well as ginseng and ephedra.
1500 BC – Marijuana is officially mentioned in the Chinese Pharmacopeia, known as the Rh-Ya.
1450 BC – The Hebrew version of the book of the Exodus (30:22-23) mentions a holy anointing oil that contains the plant Kaneh-bosem. Kaneh-bosem has been identified by respectable etymologists, botanists, and researchers as cannabis extracted into olive oil.
1213 BC – Cannabis pollen was found on the mummy of Ramses II. The Egyptians used cannabis as a cure for glaucoma and other ailments.
1000 BC – A drink called Bhang, which is made from milk and cannabis, was used as an anesthetic by India’s doctors.
700 BC – Cannabis is mentioned in the Venidad, one of the ancient religious texts of the Persians, considered to have been written by Zoroaster.
600 BC – The Ayurvedic treatise, written by Sushruta Samhita, cites cannabis as a cure for leprosy.
200 BC – Cannabis was used in ancient Greece to cure inflammation.
1 AD – In the Pen Ts’ao Ching, a Chinese book of medicines, cannabis is mentioned as a cure for over a 100 ailments.
70 AD – Dioscorides, a famous Greek doctor, wrote about the benefits of cannabis in his botanical book De Materia Medica.
200 AD – Wine and cannabis resin were mixed by famous Chinese surgeon Hua Tuo to create an anesthetic.
1500 AD – William Turner, the author of New Herball, praised cannabis as a healing herb.
1611-1762 AD – Hemp was brought to America by the Jamestown settlers. Cultivating it was considered mandatory.
1622 AD – Robert Burton, a reputable clergyman and Oxford scholar, recommended cannabis as a treatment for depression in his book The Anatomy of Melancholy.
1745 AD – US President George Washington grew hemp for 30 years in his Mount Vernon plantation.
1799 AD – After Napoleon invaded Egypt, he brought cannabis to France.
1840 AD – Jacques-Joseph Moreau, a French psychiatrist, discovered that marijuana reduces headaches and improves appetite and sleep. Medicinal marijuana use was considered mainstream.
1850 AD – The US official Pharmacopeia mentioned marijuana as a medicine.
1911 AD – Massachusetts outlawed cannabis, becoming the first state to do so. The other states soon did so as well.
1915-1927 AD – Marijuana was prohibited in 10 states.
1928 AD – Marijuana was added to the UK’s “Dangerous Drug Act.”
1938 AD – Canada forbade all cannabis cultivation.
1951 AD – Prison sentences were established for simple possession of marijuana by the Boggs Act.
1964 AD – Dr. Raphael Mechoulam identified THC as the main psychoactive substance of marijuana and later synthesized it in a lab.
1960-1980 AD – Popularity of marijuana rose sharply (and still grows to this day). US population pushed for legalization.
1970 AD – Marijuana was declared a substance without medicinal use.
1976 AD – The Netherlands decriminalized marijuana, allowing controlled use. Licensed shops were permitted to sell small amounts to adults.
1996 AD – California legalized medicinal cannabis use.
2015 AD – Marijuana is now legal in 25 states. The latest to join in was Texas.
As you can see, history speaks for itself. From heralded medicine for over four thousand years to a villain within a century, now cannabis is slowly regaining its old glory as a helpful and relatively safe herbal remedy.
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You do not need to refrigerate the oil, but if you prefer to take it when it’s chilled you can store it in the fridge without impacting the product. We recommend storing your CBD Hemp oil anywhere that the bottle isn’t exposed to constant light and or heat.
29 October 2015
Cannabinol, or CBN, is one of the cannabinoids found in cannabis. Studies have shown it provides a variety of therapeutic benefits, most notably serving as a sleep aid.
Overview of CBN
Cannabinol (CBN) is the product of degradation, or oxidation, of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). When THC is exposed to oxygen and heat, over time it breaks down to CBN, which is only mildly psychoactive.
Findings: Effects of Cannabis on Effects of CBN
While scientific research is significantly lacking compared to the more notable cannabinoids, THC and cannabidiol (CBD), the evidence does suggest that CBN offers a variety of therapeutic benefits, including promoting sleep, stimulating appetite, stimulating bone growth, preventing glaucoma, and providing antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
Of all the cannabinoids, CBN is the most sedative, making it a potential therapeutic option for those with insomnia, sleep apnea or other sleep disorders. CBN and its derivatives have shown effective at significantly prolonging sleeping time in mice (Yoshida, et al., 1995).
Evidence shows CBN could be an effective anti-bacterial. When applied topically, it was effective against MRSA (Appendino, et al., 2008).
CBN has shown effective at reducing sensitivity to pain by stimulating the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from sensory nerves. This pain relief response is performed without impacting the CB1 and CB2 receptors, which suggests that CNB could be used alongside CBD, which does lower pain through activation of the CB1 and CB2 receptors, thus providing a stronger pain relief (Zygmunt, Andersson & Hogestatt, 2002).
CBN has shown to have anti-inflammatory effects, suggesting it could assist in the treatment of inflammatory diseases and disorders like multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, allergic asthma, and Crohn’s disease (Croxford & Yamamura, 2005).
CBN has shown to increase appetite, which suggests it could assist in the treatment of cachexia and anorexia, and help improves eating desires in those with cancer or HIV/AIDS (Farrimond, Whalley & Williams, 2012).
CBN and its derivatives have shown effective at significantly prolonging seizure latency in mice, suggesting it could assist in the treatment of epilepsy and other seizure disorders (Yoshida, et al., 1995).
CBN, when administered topically, has shown to considerably lower ocular tension, thus reducing the risk and progression of glaucoma (Colasanti, Craig & Allara, 1984).
CBN is an agonist, although a bit weak, of both CB1 and CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system, which means they’re among the cannabinoids that are effective at stimulating bone growth (Ofek, et al., 2006) (Idris, et al., 2005) (Idris, et al., 2008) (Scutt & Williamson, 2006). As a result, CBN and other cannabinoids reduce the risk of osteoporosis and other bone diseases and support bone health.
Appendino, G., Gibbons, S., Giana, A. Pagani, A., Grassi, G., Stavri, M., Smith, E., and Rahman, M.M. (2008, August). Antibacterial Cannabinoids from Cannabis sativa: a structure-activity study. Journal of Natural Products, 71(8), 1427-30. Retrieved from http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/np8002673.
Colasanti, B.K., Craig, C.R., and Allara, R.D. (1984, September). Intraocular pressure, ocular toxicity, and neurotoxicity after administration of cannabinol or cannabigerol. Experimental Eye Research, 39(3), 251-9. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0014483584900137.
Croxford, J.L., and Yamamura, T. (2005, September). Cannabinoids and the immune system: potential for the treatment of inflammatory diseases? Journal of Neuroimmunology, 166(1-2), 3-18. Retrieved from http://www.jni-journal.com/article/S0165-5728(05)00160-8/fulltext.
Farrimond, J.A., Whalley, B.J., and Williams, C.M. (2012, September). Cannabinol and cannabidiol exert opposing effects on rat feeding patterns. Psychopharmacology, 223(1), 117-29. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00213-012-2697-x.
Idris, A.I., Sophocleous, A., Landao-Bassonga, E., van’t Hof, R.J., and Ralston, S.H. (2008, November). Regulation of bone mass, osteoclast function, and ovariectomy-induced bone loss by the type 2 cannabinoid receptor. Endocrinology, 149(11), 5619-26. Retrieved from https://academic.oup.com/endo/article-lookup/doi/10.1210/en.2008-0150.
Idris, A.I., van’t Hof, R.J., Greig, I.R., Ridge, S.A., Baker, D., Ross, R.A., and Ralston, S.H. (2005, July). Regulation of bone mass, bone loss and osteoclast activity by cannabinoid receptors. Nature Medicine, 11(7), 774-9. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1430341/.
Ofek, O., Karsak, M., Leclerc, N., Fogel, M., Frenkel, B., Wright, K., Tam, J., Attar-Namdar, M., Kram, V., Shohami, E., Mechoulam, R., Zimmer, A., and Bab, I. (2006, January 17). Peripheral cannabinoid receptor, CB2, regulates bone mass. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(3), 696-701. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1334629/.
Scutt, A., and Willilamson, E.M. (2007). Cannabinoids stimulate fibroblastic colony formation by bone marrow cells indirectly via CB2 receptors. Calcified Tissue International, 80, 50-59. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00223-006-0171-7.
Yoshida, H., Usami, N., Ohishi, Y, Watanabe, K., Yamamoto, I., and Yoshimura, H. (1995, February). Synthesis and pharmacological effects in mice of halogenated cannabinol derivatives. Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 43(2), 335-7. Retrieved from https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/cpb1958/43/2/43_2_335/_pdf.
Zygmunt, P.M., Andersson, D.A., and Hogestatt, E.D. (2002, June 1). 9-Tetrahydrocannabinol and Cannabinol Activate Capsaicin-Sensitive Sensory Nerves via a CB1 and CB2 Cannabinoid Receptor-Independent Mechanism. The Journal of Neuroscience, 22(11), 4720-4727. Retrieved from http://www.jneurosci.org/content/22/11/4720.long.
This article may contain certain forward-looking statements and information, as defined within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and is subject to the Safe Harbor created by those sections. This material contains statements about expected future events and/or financial results that are forward-looking in nature and subject to risks and uncertainties. Such forward-looking statements by definition involve risks, uncertainties.
Although both are Cannabis sativa plants, each has different uses and cannabinoid profiles. Marijuana is typically bred and grown for the perceived psychoactive and medicinal effects of THC. Industrial hemp has long been bred for its fiber and oils for application in the construction, textile, and health food industries. Hemp also contains a much different cannabinoid profile from a typical marijuana plant. The psychoactive cannabinoid, THC, is only found in trace amounts, with relatively greater concentrations of other cannabinoids like CBN, CBG, and CBD. This makes hemp an ideal source of non-psychoactive, full-spectrum, cannabinoid extracts.
There are three types of cannabinoids. Phytocannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hundreds of natural compounds exist in Cannabis sativa, and at least 80 of these are classified as cannabinoids (both of these numbers are continuing to grow). Endocannabinoids are compounds our bodies naturally produce to interact with the endocannabinoid system. Lastly, synthetic cannabinoids have been developed for medical use. Terpenes are the aromatic hydrocarbons that give Cannabis sativa its wide spectrum of smells and tastes depending on the terpene ratios present in the strain.
The most well-known and researched cannabinoids are THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), CBN (cannabinol), CBG (cannabigerol), and CBD (cannabidiol).
When phytocannabinoids and terpenes interact with the endocannabinoid system, the resulting perceived effects depend on the quantity and ratio of the introduced compounds.